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Pure Motivation » General Discussion » Health and Wellness/ الصحة و اللياقة » Must Read-effects Of Sun On The Skin

Must Read-effects Of Sun On The Skin

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1 Must Read-effects Of Sun On The Skin on Thu Mar 29, 2012 3:39 am

nazleen


All-Star Member
All-Star Member
This is for all the people who look at me like I'm the nutbag for having
an umbrella in the sun. Hijabi's are safe, but remember sisters to
shlop that sunscreen on your face and back of your hands and feet.


Still want fun in the sun?

Sunlight has a profound effect on the skin causing premature skin aging,
skin cancer, and a host of skin changes. Exposure to ultraviolet light,
UVA or UVB, from sunlight accounts for 90% of the symptoms of premature
skin aging. Many skin changes that were commonly believed to be due to
aging, such as easy bruising, are actually a result of prolonged
exposure to UV radiation.

What is UV Radiation?
The sun gives off ultraviolet radiation that we divide into categories based on the wavelength.

•UVC - 100 to 290 nm
•UVB - 290 to 320 nm
•UVA - 320 to 400 nm
UVC Radiation
UVC radiation is almost completely absorbed by the ozone layer and does
not affect the skin. UVC radiation can be found in artificial sources
such as mercury arc lamps and germicidal lamps.

UVB Radiation
UVB affects the outer layer of skin, the epidermis, and is the primary
agent responsible for sunburns. It is the most intense between the hours
of 10:00 am and 2:00 pm when the sunlight is brightest. It is also more
intense in the summer months accounting for 70% of a person's yearly
UVB dose. UVB does not penetrate glass.

UVA Radiation
UVA was once thought to have a minor effect on skin damage, but now
studies are showing that UVA is a major contributor to skin damage. UVA
penetrates deeper into the skin and works more efficiently. The
intensity of UVA radiation is more constant than UVB without the
variations during the day and throughout the year. UVA is also not
filtered by glass.

Damaging Effects of UVA and UVB
Both UVA and UVB radiation can cause skin damage including wrinkles,
lowered immunity against infection, aging skin disorders, and cancer.
However, we still do not fully understand the process. Some of the
possible mechanisms for UV skin damage are collagen breakdown, the
formation of free radicals, interfering with DNA repair, and inhibiting
the immune system.

Blood Vessel Changes Caused by the Sun
UV radiation causes the walls of blood vessels to become thinner leading
to bruising with only minor trauma in sun-exposed areas. For example,
most of the bruising that occurs on sun-damaged skin occurs on the backs
of the hands and forearms not on the inside of the upper arm or even
the inside of the forearm. The sun also causes the appearance of
telangiectasias, tiny blood vessels, in the skin especially on the face.

Collagen Breakdown
In the dermis, UV radiation causes collagen to break down at a higher
rate than with just chronologic aging. Sunlight damages collagen fibers
and causes the accumulation of abnormal elastin. When this sun-induced
elastin accumulates, enzymes called metalloproteinases are produced in
large quantities. Normally, metalloproteinases remodel sun-injured skin
by manufacturing and reforming collagen. However, this process does not
always work well and some of the metalloproteinases actually break down
collagen. This results in the formation of disorganized collagen fibers
known as solar scars. When the skin repeats this imperfect rebuilding
process over and over wrinkles develop.

Free Radicals
UV radiation is one of the major creators of free radicals. Free
radicals are unstable oxygen molecules that have only one electron
instead of two. Because electrons are found in pairs, the molecule must
scavenge other molecules for another electron. When the second molecule
looses its electron to the first molecule, it must then find another
electron repeating the process. This process can damage cell function
and alter genetic material. Free radical damage causes wrinkles by
activating the metalloproteinases that break down collagen. They cause
cancer by changing the genetic material, RNA and DNA, of the cell.

DNA Repair
UV radiation can affect enzymes that help repair damaged DNA. Studies
are being conducted looking into the role a specific enzyme called T4
endonuclease 5 (T4N5) has in repairing DNA.

Immune System Effects
The body has a defense system to attack developing cancer cells. These
immune system factors include white blood cells called T lymphocytes and
specialized skin cells in the dermis called Langerhans cells. When the
skin is exposed to sunlight, certain chemicals are released that
suppress these immune factors.

Cell Death
The last line of defense of the immune system is a process called
apoptosis. Apoptosis is a process of cell-suicide that kills severely
damaged cells so they cannot become cancerous. This cell-suicide is seen
when you peel after a sunburn. There are certain factors, including UV
exposure, that prevent this cell death allowing cells to continue to
divide and possibly become cancerous.

Texture Changes Caused by the Sun
UV exposure causes thickening and thinning of the skin. Thick skin is
found in coarse wrinkles especially on the back of the neck that do not
disappear when the skin is stretched. A condition called solar elastosis
is seen as thickened, coarse wrinkling and yellow discoloration of the
skin. A common effect of UV exposure is thinning of the skin causing
fine wrinkles, easy bruising, and skin tearing.


Blood Vessel Changes Caused by the Sun
UV radiation causes the walls of blood vessels to become thinner leading
to bruising with only minor trauma in sun-exposed areas. For example,
most of the bruising that occurs on sun-damaged skin occurs on the backs
of the hands and forearms not on the inside of the upper arm or even
the inside of the forearm. The sun also causes the appearance of
telangiectasias, tiny blood vessels, in the skin especially on the face.



Pigment Changes Caused by the Sun
The most noticeable sun-induced pigment change is a freckle or solar
lentigo. Light-skinned people tend to freckle more noticeably. A freckle
is caused when the melanin-producing cell, or melanocyte, is damaged
causing it to get bigger. Large freckles, also known as age spots or
liver spots, can be seen on the backs of the hands, chest, shoulders,
arms, and upper back. These are not actually age related but sun-damage
related. UV exposure can also cause white spots especially on the legs,
but also on the backs of the hands and arms, as melanocytes are
destroyed.


Skin Bumps Caused by the Sun
UV radiation causes an increased number of moles in sun-exposed areas.
Sun exposure also causes precancerous lesions called actinic keratoses
that develop especially on the face, ears, and backs of the hands. The
are small crusty bumps that can often be felt better than they can be
seen. Actinic keratoses are felt to be premalignant lesions because 1 in
100 cases per year will develop into squamous cell carcinoma. UV
exposure also causes seborrheic keratoses, which are warty looking
lesions that appear to be "stuck on" the skin. In contrast to actinic
keratoses, seborrheic keratoses do not become cancerous.


Skin Cancer Caused by the Sun
The ability of the sun to cause skin cancer is a well-known fact. The 3
main skin cancers are melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell
carcinoma. Melanoma is the most deadly skin cancer because it
metastasizes more readily than the other skin cancers. It is believed
that the amount of exposure of the skin to the sun before the age of 20
is actually the determining risk factor for melanoma. Basal cell
carcinoma is the most common skin cancer and tends to spread locally,
not metastasize. Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common skin
cancer, and it can metastasize although not as commonly as melanoma. The
risk of getting basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma is
determined by a person's lifetime exposure to UV radiation and the
person's pigment protection.

2 Re: Must Read-effects Of Sun On The Skin on Wed Jul 18, 2012 3:19 pm

Aisha

avatar
Senior Member
Senior Member
wow sister I live in an area where there are not a lot of Muslim's. Sis I see so many walk around pract: naked and exposing the skin and wanting more of the sun to tan the skin. Some of them looking so red like the skin is burned. That can't be safe.

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